Arthroscopy is a combination of two Greek-derived words, i.e., Arthro(Joint)+ scopy( to look), which translates into " to look inside the joint.” Arthroscopy is the procedure to view, diagnose and treat joint disorders. Arthroscopic surgery in Mumbai are revolutionary joint surgeries that are more accurate and take lesser recovery time. The surgeries are done with an arthroscope (small telescope) that allows the surgeon to look inside the joint, monitor, and perform adept surgery to restore joint functions. In fact, according to our expert arthroscopy surgeon in Mumbai, except for joint replacement and major intra-articular fractures, arthroscopy can be performed to solve major hip, knee, ankle, shoulder, elbow, and wrist joint problems.
The Arthroscope (endoscope) is inserted into the joint through a small incision to see through the joint clearly. The images captured by the arthroscope are transmitted on a synced screen enabling the surgeon to monitor and insert surgical instruments accurately without damaging adjacent muscles or tissues. The role of arthroscopy can be broken down as:
Some of the well-known benefits of our arthroscopic surgery in Mumbai are:
Arthroscopic surgery can be done to various joints, including hip, knee, ankle, shoulder, elbow, and wrist joint. Here, we will discuss four major arthroscopic joint surgeries and explain when they are recommended.
Shoulder arthroscopy is a surgery that aims to correct shoulder-joint problems using an arthroscope, a tiny camera to examine or repair the damaged shoulder joint bones or tissues.
In the process, the arthroscope is first inserted through a small cut (incision) in your skin to figure the damaged tissue(cartilage, ligaments, bones, tendons). Then a colored sterile liquid is injected to show the shoulder defects on the screen. Accordingly, presessional instruments are inserted through two to three keyhole slits to repair the damage. Finally, the shoulder is checked for motion, and the incision is irrigated and closed.
Shoulder arthroscopy is recommended in the following cases:
Knee-arthroscopy is a procedure to diagnose and treat a range of knee problems. During knee arthroscopy, the surgeon inserts a thin pipe mounted with a small camera, called an arthroscope, in the knee joint. The camera shows internal images of knee-joint on the monitor, which guides the surgeon to do surgery with miniature surgical instruments. The Knee-joint is the largest joint that comprises three components: Femur( thighbone), tibia( shinbone), and patella( knee-cap). Apart from damage to the major parts, some other damage such as meniscus, cartilage, tissue rupture may constrict knee mobility and lead to excruciating knee pain, requiring surgical intervention.
When is Knee Arthroscopy Recommended?
Hip arthroscopy allows surgeons to see-through hip joint via a small incision in contrary to a large incision required in open surgery. In addition, it enables doctors to operate the diseased part, treating hip problems directly.
The hip is a ball-and-socket joint. The socket comprises the acetabulum, part of the pelvic bone; the ball, or upper femur bone that docks inside the socket. Articular cartilage- a slippery tissue that covers the ball and socket surface easing bone to glide smoothly. The acetabulum is ringed by a labrum(strong fibrocartilage) that shields and moisturizes the socket. The underside of the capsule is lined with a synovium membrane that produces a slippery liquid, protects and moisturizes the inner surface of the socket. Finally, the joint is protected and held in position with the help of strong fibrous bands called ligaments.
In hip joint surgery, the incision is made in the side of the hip, and a tubular channel is created to insert an endoscope, fluoroscope, or other surgical instruments. Sterile fluid may or may not be injected to view damages inside or around the hip joint. Once the surgery is done, the site is irrigated with sterile fluid, and the incision is closed.
The hip joint arthroscopy can treat severe hip pain and restore hip mobility. Therefore, the orthopedic surgeons recommend hip-joint arthroscopy in Mumbai in the following cases:
Like in all arthroscopic surgeries, this one is also done by inserting an arthroscope in a keyhole incision in the ankle. While doing the surgery, two keyhole portals on opposite sides of the ankle are made to insert the arthroscope and precision instruments. Then, a sterile liquid is injected to visualize the damaged ankle better. Then accordingly, the surgery is done both with motorized or hand-handled equipment. Once the surgery is complete, the incision is cleansed with sterile liquid, and sutures are closed.
Our arthroscopy surgeon in Mumbai will guide you with the right steps for quick healing and faster recovery and anticipate you to follow them religiously. Here are a few pointers regarding recovery from arthroscopic surgery.
Dr. Tushar Ubale is one of the well-known orthopedic surgeons in Mumbai, serving as an orthopedic doctor for fourteen years, and has acquired relative qualifications, knowledge, and skills for doing a range of orthopedic-open or arthroscopic surgeries in Mumbai. Orthocare, owned and headed by our venerated Dr. Ubale, is highly equipped with state-of-art facilities to offer the best orthopedic treatments to our patients.